Although the age of 21 die because of

Although
the juvenile justice system has undergone several revisions to find the most
cost-effective, efficient and functional operation, the quest for the most
appropriate preventive approach continues. Variety of studies have shown that a large majority of youths,
perhaps as many as 80 percent, engage occasionally in some form of delinquent
behavior. However, only a relatively small proportion of juveniles (about 5 to
10 percent), account for the vast majority of the serious and violent crimes
committed by juveniles (Barton, Watkins & Jarjoura, 1997). Here in Centervale, the top
priorities are truancy, larceny/theft, and underage drinking. The focal point
will be on underage drinking due to its addictive nature and probability of a
snowball effect. There is substantial
evidence for a relationship between substance use and delinquency (Underwood
& Washington, 2016). The
end goal will continue to be public safety for Centervale, increased community involvement,
and improving the lives of the juveniles through rehabilitation programs in
hopes to reduce and prevent juvenile delinquency. The proposed program will have different components. Specific
strategies in reducing underage drinking will be implemented, new allocation of
policing, accountability team made up of community officials, and rehabilitation.

The drug of choice for youth is alcohol. Approximately
5,000 youths under the age of 21 die because of underage drinking each year. About
1,900 deaths are from motor vehicle accidents, 1,600 as a result of homicides,
300 from suicide, and hundreds from other injuries such as drowning, falls,
burns, and drownings due to underage drinking (Underage, 2006). According to
data from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) study, three-fourths of 12th graders,
over two-thirds of 10th graders, and around two in every five 8th graders have
consumed alcohol. Some of the reasons youth drink are due to biological
factors, environmental and social

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learning,
personality and psychiatric comorbidity, and simply risk-taking as an
adolescent. Specific strategies in reducing underage drinking in the proposed program
will include server training and more compliance checks in places that sell
alcohol, preventing underage drinking parties, deterring and enforcing punishments
for adults from purchasing/providing alcohol to minors, enforcing harsher
penalties for the use of false IDs and driving while intoxicated, and raising
public awareness of policies and sanctions. Identifying the youths at risks
early on will stop problems before they further develop.

Another
component of the program is the Youth Accountability Team (YAT), which will operate
as a collaborative intervention consisting of a Police Detective, a Deputy
District Attorney, Deputy Probation Officer, a Youth Outreach Counselor and
volunteers. The mission is to provide a collaborative and integrated
multi-agency approach to rapid and effective intervention with at risk youth
and less serious juvenile offenders through swift and certain response by providing
necessary services to youth and their families. The goals within this
department is to reduce delinquent incidents in the community, the number of
juvenile petitions filed, and the number of juveniles placed into custody. The
team members make routine visits with the YAT participants at their school,
home, and in the community (Youth, 2017).

Furthermore, there will be an increase in
police presence. One major step in community effort is in the patrol functions
of law enforcement. There will be a revision in allocation of patrol and
resources to better position the force and serve the community. The general feedback from our
Centervale citizens is that children are out of control and there is an
overwhelming sense of frustration. Policing are the eyes and ears of law
enforcement and more police presence will deter deviant behaviors and create a
sense of security in the community. Exercise of police

power
takes place largely at the discretion of individual police officers. There is
an expectation of officers to perform their duties with equity and fairness
which portrays a level of social control.

This entire program is comprised of the
social control theory. According to Hirschi, when a juvenile’s bond to society
is weak and broken, delinquent acts will occur and that those individuals who
are bonded to positive social groups such as family, school and constructive
peers are less likely to engage in deviant acts (Bartollas & Schmalleger,
2014). This program will help youths form a strong attachment to their positive
social groups, commit to conventional activities and values, encourage
community involvement to protect from delinquent behaviors and form beliefs
that forbid socially unacceptable behavior and have respect for the law.  

With this shift in social control, policing
will practice more of the broken window theory especially on the south side of
Centervale where disorder should be aggressively approached, and all violators cited
or arrested. Although, the north side of Centervale has less serious crimes,
this area will also benefit from this type of policing to prevent these
neighborhoods from being overtaken by more serious delinquent behaviors. Overall,
this approach will help in reducing fear and resident withdrawal. Promoting
higher levels of informal social control will help residents themselves take
control of their neighborhood and prevent serious crime from infiltrating
(Weisburd & Lum, 2013). With the community and law enforcement working
together to encourage the proper elements in youths, social control will return
to the city of Centervale.

The
trust from our citizens will be regained and bring a sense of security in the community. 

 

 

Society believes that it is only fair and
just that criminal offenders receive punishment for their crimes (Seiter,
2014). However, is difficult to determine how much punishment is necessary for
the commission of a crime. In cases of underage drinking, it is mainly
preventive and

rehabilitation
efforts. With the preventive approach, there will be mandatory school and
community-based education on underage drinking. Rehabilitation programs focuses
on the future of juveniles rather than their current situation. For juveniles to have restored and
renewed themselves through rehabilitation such as substance abuse detoxification,
on-going counseling, personal and group developmental therapy, academic
tutoring, job training, etc., serves justice for both the juveniles and
community. This is their opportunity to change themselves.

Limitations to any new program is generally
budgetary. Specific issues and limitations to rehabilitation have been due to
services that were underdeveloped to match the specific needs. It appears that
incidents involving female juveniles in Centervale are rapidly increasing.
Therefore, there is a need to for increased sensitivity to females’ needs to
design effective programs over the long term. Recent studies confirm that
gender differences exist among male and female substance abusers regarding
their relationships with family members; female substance abusers tend to have
severe family and social problems coupled with minimal family support upon
entering treatment (Gruella, C., Scott, C., Foss, M., Joshi, V., & Hser,
Y., 2003).

Implementation of the program will begin
with exploration, assessing skills and setting goals. This initial step is
important to give direction to all involved and provide vision. Gauging
proficiency to have an appropriate starting point is crucial to determining the
necessary tools and certain expectations. Second step of implementation will
entail proper training activities such as workshops, developmental sessions,
meetings to troubleshoot and address any issues,

and
forming a team of experts to assist in continuous support throughout this
program. Final step is to launch the implementation. This program will have a
huge impact on the community, family, law and legal system and most importantly
today’s youths.

Evaluation of the program will start with
measuring the reduction in underage drinking and any incidents related to
underage drinking, both in short-term and long-term. Examining the alignment and
logical connection with the program’s theory is critical to its’ accuracy,
functionality and success. There will be measurements on the impact and any changes.
Changes such as knowledge, skills, environment and behavior (Wilder, 2014). The
process and outcomes will be analyzed through collecting data from multiple
sources such as community members and leaders, program staff and the youth
participants. Other areas of evaluation will include cost efficiency and
overall efficiency.

 Through the Centervale’s crime analysis and
facts, we must focus on preventive and direct social control in the community. Many researchers, youth advocates, and practitioners urge
communities to make a greater investment in youths by moving beyond programs
and policies that merely respond to youth problems ((Bartollas & Miller,
2014). This program is not only responsive but proactive. It prevents, supports
and builds our youths. Suppressing juvenile deviant acts at an early age such
as underage drinking is key to preventing growth and reducing delinquency. As
family and community come together and create a tighter bond, youths will
witness this positive attachment and learn to form a sense of commitment in doing
right for their positive social groups which is family and community. They will
learn to make better choices, become involved in conventional activities,
strengthen their beliefs and trust in family, community and the law.
Ultimately, diverting from delinquent behaviors.