CHAPTER curriculum of Deped but will focus on

CHAPTER I

The Problem and Its Background

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Introduction

In our
society the Deaf creates a unique community of people with their own language
and culture. As the individuals within this group share some specific features
which make them different from hearing people it is interesting enough to
devote the research to this field.

Considering
the cognitive processes and the way of learning of deaf people there are still
several unanswered questions waiting for the further observation. Learning a
spoken language by deaf people is the area which has become challenging for its
ambiguous and unclear findings.  This
ability, influence how they will acquire the learning and skills.

Many of the
best practice strategies employed with hearing learners are also effective with
learners who are Deaf, but some modifications to these strategies need to be
implemented.  Classroom teachers are also
aware of the challenges unique to this group of learners.

As a
solution special education and even regular teachers are trying their best to
accommodate, modify or even scaffold the teaching strategies.  But much to the dismay of the educators most
efforts do not give a significant impact on the language/communication learning
of Deaf students.

Factors
such as memory, focus, environment and family background may affect the
learning ability of Deaf students. 

Learning
style is another factor to consider. 
Deaf students are visual learner and they must be provided with
something tangible that they can look or focus on.  A learning tool that will guide them based on
their readiness and learning acquisition speed.

It is on
this regard the researcher decided to create a computer assisted instructional
material in English VII for deaf students. 
This computer assisted instructional material primarily aims to supplant
the existing Economics textbook for Deaf students in Division of Quezon City if
possible.  The content of the
instructional material will be based on the existing curriculum of Deped but
will focus on the mastery, learning style and pace to effectively acquire the understanding
skills and knowledge acquisition.

     The instructional material in economics is
designed to minimize the language barrier by using English language as mode of
communication and picture-exchange to maximize the participation, interest,
learning and understanding.

Theoretical Framework

     The research is anchored on the theory of Piaget.  Computer-assisted
instructional material in Economics is an integral part of the
teaching in K-12 special
education curriculum.  It will help on the mastery and pacing of the
individual learners.

     The addition of visual presentation in the
lesson simultaneously with the lecture of the teacher will in mastery of
concepts in economics.  Those concepts
for the students to understand have to be imagined and visualized.

     Commitment to attain the basic education
competencies in Social Studies, on an
inclusive education philosophy will be achieved, using the suggested computer
assisted instructional material in Economics.

Piaget’s
theory cognitive development will also be used as part of theoretical framework
of this research.  It states that
learner’s is constructing their own knowledge and engaged in learning through
relevant through output or artifact.  By
giving the students varied and meaningful activities, they become more engaged
and thus learned well.  The use of visual
aids, props and interactive materials will be of much relevance and
importance.  Thus, a computer-assisted
instructional material will answer majority of the varied experience needed for
the students to learn, particularly the deaf learners.

 

 

Conceptual Framework

      Based on the theory presented the conceptual
framework is hereby drawn:

     Input refers to the reading materials taken
from books, journal, articles, these and internet and assessment of the
acceptability of computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 for deaf students and the pre-test
and posttest.

     Process refers to the gathering of date
through survey questionnaire, the statistical treatment and analysis and
interpretation of data.

     And output refers to the acceptable
computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 for Deaf students.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

 

 

                                                             

Reading
materials                 Gathering data

taken                             through                           Acceptable

from
books,                     Survey questionnaire          
computer-assisted

journals,
                      statistical treatment         instructional 

articles,
theses and              of data                      material in

internet                                                        Economics K-12 for

                                  Analysis and                Deaf students

Extent
of utilization             interpretation
of

                                  data

Assessment
of the

Acceptability
of

Computer
assisted

Instructional
material

In
Economics K-12 for

Deaf
student

 

Pretest
and post test                                 

                                 

    

 

 

 

                                     Feedback    

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1 Conceptual Framework

Statement
of the Problem       

1.
What is the extent of utilization of computer
assisted instructional material in teaching Economics K-12 for Deaf students?

2.
Based on the finding of the study what instructional
material maybe proposed? 

3.
How acceptable is the proposed computer assisted
instructional material in Economics for Deaf
students  as assessed by the regular and sped
teachers as to:

3.1   
Contents

3.1.1         
Objectives

3.1.2         
Learning
elements

3.1.3         
Activities

3.1.4         
Evaluation

3.2   
Forms

3.2.1         
Clarity

3.2.2         
Presentation

3.2.3         
Navigation/application

3.2.4         
Usefulness?

 

4.
Is there a significant difference on the assessment
of the two groups of respondents on the acceptability of the proposed computer
assisted instructional material as assessed using the above-mentioned
variables?

5.
How do the students performed in the pretest and
post-test before and after using the computer assisted instructional materials
in Economics K-12 for Deaf
students?

Hypotheses 

The
following hypotheses will be tested in the study.

1.
There is no significant difference in the
performance of Deaf students who are using the computer assisted instructional
material in Economics K-12.   

2.
There is no significant difference on the
acceptability of the proposed computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 by regular and sped teachers.

Scope and Limitation of the Study

     This research will focus on the development
and validation of computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 for Deaf students.  The subject of the research will be the entire
Grade 9 students of Lagro High School, and their number will depend on the
numbers of enrollees for the specific school year. 

     The study will be limited to Deaf students
of Lagro High School Grade 9 which may
not be a statistical representation of the entire Grade 9 Deaf students in Quezon City for the computer
assisted instructional material in Economics
K-12
validation.

Significance of the Study

     This study will prove to be beneficial to
the following group of people:

     Pupils.  The ultimate beneficiaries of this study will
be the pupils and how to improve their understanding and master learning competencies.

     Teachers.  The teacher will benefit in the study because
of additional instructional material to be used in the facility of learning for
Deaf students in Grade 9.

Administrators. 
The administrator will also be benefit in the research because
it can be used as a basis for improved performance of their students.

     Researchers.  This study can be used by other
researchers as a basis of their study.

Definition of Terms

The
following terms are defined for the purpose of common understanding:

     Administrators  Refers to the expert respondents of this
study as identified by the researcher.

     Computer
assisted  A process of doing
something with the aid of computer program, software or its hard components.

     Deaf
or deaf Refers to the students with hearing impairment or hard-of-hearing.

     Instructional
material  A skillbook or module
designed to help the students facilitate learning.    

Sped Teachers  Teacher handling Deaf students or teaching Social Studies.

Students/Pupils  Refers to the student-respondents in this
study.

    

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CHAPTER I

The Problem and Its Background

Introduction

In our
society the Deaf creates a unique community of people with their own language
and culture. As the individuals within this group share some specific features
which make them different from hearing people it is interesting enough to
devote the research to this field.

Considering
the cognitive processes and the way of learning of deaf people there are still
several unanswered questions waiting for the further observation. Learning a
spoken language by deaf people is the area which has become challenging for its
ambiguous and unclear findings.  This
ability, influence how they will acquire the learning and skills.

Many of the
best practice strategies employed with hearing learners are also effective with
learners who are Deaf, but some modifications to these strategies need to be
implemented.  Classroom teachers are also
aware of the challenges unique to this group of learners.

As a
solution special education and even regular teachers are trying their best to
accommodate, modify or even scaffold the teaching strategies.  But much to the dismay of the educators most
efforts do not give a significant impact on the language/communication learning
of Deaf students.

Factors
such as memory, focus, environment and family background may affect the
learning ability of Deaf students. 

Learning
style is another factor to consider. 
Deaf students are visual learner and they must be provided with
something tangible that they can look or focus on.  A learning tool that will guide them based on
their readiness and learning acquisition speed.

It is on
this regard the researcher decided to create a computer assisted instructional
material in English VII for deaf students. 
This computer assisted instructional material primarily aims to supplant
the existing Economics textbook for Deaf students in Division of Quezon City if
possible.  The content of the
instructional material will be based on the existing curriculum of Deped but
will focus on the mastery, learning style and pace to effectively acquire the understanding
skills and knowledge acquisition.

     The instructional material in economics is
designed to minimize the language barrier by using English language as mode of
communication and picture-exchange to maximize the participation, interest,
learning and understanding.

Theoretical Framework

     The research is anchored on the theory of Piaget.  Computer-assisted
instructional material in Economics is an integral part of the
teaching in K-12 special
education curriculum.  It will help on the mastery and pacing of the
individual learners.

     The addition of visual presentation in the
lesson simultaneously with the lecture of the teacher will in mastery of
concepts in economics.  Those concepts
for the students to understand have to be imagined and visualized.

     Commitment to attain the basic education
competencies in Social Studies, on an
inclusive education philosophy will be achieved, using the suggested computer
assisted instructional material in Economics.

Piaget’s
theory cognitive development will also be used as part of theoretical framework
of this research.  It states that
learner’s is constructing their own knowledge and engaged in learning through
relevant through output or artifact.  By
giving the students varied and meaningful activities, they become more engaged
and thus learned well.  The use of visual
aids, props and interactive materials will be of much relevance and
importance.  Thus, a computer-assisted
instructional material will answer majority of the varied experience needed for
the students to learn, particularly the deaf learners.

 

 

Conceptual Framework

      Based on the theory presented the conceptual
framework is hereby drawn:

     Input refers to the reading materials taken
from books, journal, articles, these and internet and assessment of the
acceptability of computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 for deaf students and the pre-test
and posttest.

     Process refers to the gathering of date
through survey questionnaire, the statistical treatment and analysis and
interpretation of data.

     And output refers to the acceptable
computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 for Deaf students.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

 

 

                                                             

Reading
materials                 Gathering data

taken                             through                           Acceptable

from
books,                     Survey questionnaire          
computer-assisted

journals,
                      statistical treatment         instructional 

articles,
theses and              of data                      material in

internet                                                        Economics K-12 for

                                  Analysis and                Deaf students

Extent
of utilization             interpretation
of

                                  data

Assessment
of the

Acceptability
of

Computer
assisted

Instructional
material

In
Economics K-12 for

Deaf
student

 

Pretest
and post test                                 

                                 

    

 

 

 

                                     Feedback    

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1 Conceptual Framework

Statement
of the Problem       

1.
What is the extent of utilization of computer
assisted instructional material in teaching Economics K-12 for Deaf students?

2.
Based on the finding of the study what instructional
material maybe proposed? 

3.
How acceptable is the proposed computer assisted
instructional material in Economics for Deaf
students  as assessed by the regular and sped
teachers as to:

3.1   
Contents

3.1.1         
Objectives

3.1.2         
Learning
elements

3.1.3         
Activities

3.1.4         
Evaluation

3.2   
Forms

3.2.1         
Clarity

3.2.2         
Presentation

3.2.3         
Navigation/application

3.2.4         
Usefulness?

 

4.
Is there a significant difference on the assessment
of the two groups of respondents on the acceptability of the proposed computer
assisted instructional material as assessed using the above-mentioned
variables?

5.
How do the students performed in the pretest and
post-test before and after using the computer assisted instructional materials
in Economics K-12 for Deaf
students?

Hypotheses 

The
following hypotheses will be tested in the study.

1.
There is no significant difference in the
performance of Deaf students who are using the computer assisted instructional
material in Economics K-12.   

2.
There is no significant difference on the
acceptability of the proposed computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 by regular and sped teachers.

Scope and Limitation of the Study

     This research will focus on the development
and validation of computer assisted instructional material in Economics K-12 for Deaf students.  The subject of the research will be the entire
Grade 9 students of Lagro High School, and their number will depend on the
numbers of enrollees for the specific school year. 

     The study will be limited to Deaf students
of Lagro High School Grade 9 which may
not be a statistical representation of the entire Grade 9 Deaf students in Quezon City for the computer
assisted instructional material in Economics
K-12
validation.

Significance of the Study

     This study will prove to be beneficial to
the following group of people:

     Pupils.  The ultimate beneficiaries of this study will
be the pupils and how to improve their understanding and master learning competencies.

     Teachers.  The teacher will benefit in the study because
of additional instructional material to be used in the facility of learning for
Deaf students in Grade 9.

Administrators. 
The administrator will also be benefit in the research because
it can be used as a basis for improved performance of their students.

     Researchers.  This study can be used by other
researchers as a basis of their study.

Definition of Terms

The
following terms are defined for the purpose of common understanding:

     Administrators  Refers to the expert respondents of this
study as identified by the researcher.

     Computer
assisted  A process of doing
something with the aid of computer program, software or its hard components.

     Deaf
or deaf Refers to the students with hearing impairment or hard-of-hearing.

     Instructional
material  A skillbook or module
designed to help the students facilitate learning.    

Sped Teachers  Teacher handling Deaf students or teaching Social Studies.

Students/Pupils  Refers to the student-respondents in this
study.