Gerald a troubled boy. The molestation began in

Gerald
Arthur, also known as Jerry Sandusky, was born on January 26 in 1944. Famously
known for being the assistant coach for Pennsylvania State University, he later
became known as a serial child molester. His parents, Evelyn and Arthur
Sandusky, provided community recreational services to youth for about thirty
years and were very successful. At a young age, Sandusky developed his own
personal law called “Jer’s law,” which allowed him to be mischievous, but not
to the degree where he would intentionally hurt someone. He promised himself
that he would not disrespect his teachers and would come clean if he got caught
breaking any rules (Moushey & Dvorchak, 2012).  He went to Washington High school where he was
a good student and a great athlete who excelled at sports such as basketball,
baseball, and football. Some of his classmates described him as a “loner” and
someone who “never dated in high school” but was handsome and popular. He
attended Penn State and received his Bachelor’s degree in health in 1966 while
he played football from 1963-1965. Sandusky got married to Dorothy in 1966 and over
a course of time they adopted six children. In 1969 he remained as the
assistant coach until his retirement in 1999 (Biography.com Editors, 2014).  

Once
he retired, he was given a compensation package that gave him special
privileges which included access to the university’s facilities. After he
retired, Sandusky founded the Second Mile charity that was created for at-risk youth.
This organization provided support and services to the youth which also
included camp programs. Sandusky and Dorothy adopted one of the kids that they
met through the Second Mile charity. He would take these kids to Penn State
games, give gifts, and money to them. It was through this organization where he
met the young boys that he victimized. (Biography.com Editors, 2014).

I.                   
Victims and how the Crimes were committed

a.      
Matt Sandusky: Matt is the adopted son of
Jerry and Dottie Sandusky. They met through The Second Mile as Matt was a
troubled boy. The molestation began in 1986 when Matt was eight years old and
lasted until 1996. Sandusky molested him in the showers at Penn State, in
various places of his home, and while they wrestled. Matt told his biological mother
that he did not want to spend time with Sandusky. Eventually she cut off ties
with him in 1994, but he continued to check Matt out of school without asking
her for permission. He was then later fostered by Sandusky and continued to be
a victim during that time. When
one of the other victims spoke up Matt Sandusky admitted that he was molested
by his adoptive father as well (Kiesling, 2013).

b.     
Sebastian: The victim was fifteen years
old when he came forward and spoke out about the sexual abuse that was
happening to him. This was what initially started the case against Sandusky. He
told the police that he met Sandusky around 12 or 13 years old when he joined
The Second Mile Club and he began staying at his home. He claimed that the
contact started in June 2007 with back-cracking exercises which then lead to
stomach blowing, kissing, and other sex acts. He was a student at Central
Mountain High School in Clinton County. A wrestling coach saw Sandusky lying on
a mat facing the victim and he witnessed clingy behavior (Kiesling, 2013).

c.      
Victim 2 (unknown): Mike McQueary, the
assistant coach for Penn State, saw Sandusky in the showers of the football
locker room with a boy in February 2001. He claimed that Sandusky had the boy
pinned against the wall and seemed to be having sexual intercourse with him. He
was highly shocked as he never thought Sandusky would do such a thing. Once this
occurred, he then reported the incident to his father and left the matter in
his hands (Kiesling, 2013).

d.     
Zach: This victim is now 24 years old. He
said he met Sandusky through The Second Mile in 2000. He said Sandusky took
multiple showers with him and this included giving bear hugs, rubbing, tickling,
and blowing on his stomach (Kiesling, 2013).  

e.      
Jason: The victim knew Sandusky from the
time period of 1996 to 2000. He said that the abuse started from touching to
other sex acts that went on for a long time period. This occurred for more than
fifty times. He went to games with Sandusky and was given gifts, cigarettes,
and money to buy marijuana. This was Sandusky’s way of grooming the boy
(Kiesling, 2013).

f.       
Michal: This victim is currently 22 years
old. He joined The Second Mile in August 2001. He went to more than fifteen
Penn State football games and other sports. Sandusky stopped inviting him to
the games after two incidents occurred. In 1996, Sandusky tried touching the
victim in the shower. Then in 1998, Sandusky touched his leg in a car and the
victim pulled back. After this, they did not have much contact with each other
(Kiesling, 2013).

g.     
Brett: In May 1998, the victim was twelve
years old when Sandusky invited him to take a tour of the Lasch building.
Sandusky touched him and performed sexual acts on him in the shower. When he
went home he told his mom that Sandusky showered with him so the mom called the
police. No charges were filed after the investigation was conducted. The mother
was told to call Sandusky while the police listened to the conversation. He
admitted to taking a shower with the victim and asked for forgiveness
(Kiesling, 2013).

h.     
Dustin: He met Sandusky when he was seven
years old. Sandusky showered with him and touched him inappropriately. He also
touched the victim during road trips. This occurred from September 1995 to
December 1996. The victim said that before he was going to testify Dorothy
Sandusky called him (Kiesling, 2013).

i.       
Victim 8 (unknown):  This victim was never identified but the
incident occurred in 2000. James Calhoun, a janitor, saw Sandusky perform
sexual acts on a child in the shower. He went and told other janitors about
what he saw. He was unable to testify because he suffered from dementia during
the trial (Kiesling, 2013).

j.       
Aaron: 
From 2004 to 2008 the victim had contact with Sandusky. The abuse
started with hugging, rubbing, cuddling, tickling, and then the sexual acts
occurred.  He said he was raped in the
basement of Sandusky’s basement and yelled for help. He believed that Dottie
was upstairs and called out, but she never came. Sandusky told Aaron that no
one was there to help save him (Kiesling, 2013).

k.     
Ryan: He joined The Second Mile at ten
years old and interacted with Sandusky in fall of 1997. Sandusky performed
sexual acts on the victim when they wrestled and groped him in the pool several
times. Sandusky gave him gifts, took him shopping, and told him that he loved
him. The relationship ended when the victim refused to perform a sexual intercourse
in the car during a trip (Kiesling, 2013).

II.                
How the subject was caught

In 1998, at the age of 12 Brett was
taken by Sandusky to the showers in the locker rooms. When he was dropped off at
home his hair was wet, and he told his mother that he showered with Sandusky.
His mother then reported the incident to the university police. Detective
Schreffler and Detective Ralston from the State College Police Department
listened in on two conversations between Brett’s mom and Sandusky. He admitted
that he previously showered with other boys and then she tried to make him
promise that he would never shower with any other boy ever again. During the
second conversation, the mother told Sandusky that he could not see Brett
anymore. Sandusky said that he knew he was wrong and wanted her forgiveness.
However, he knew that he would never receive it, so he wished he was dead. Investigator
Jerry Lauro, from the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, testified that
he interviewed Sandusky with Detective Schreffler. Sandusky admitted that he showered
with Brett and hugged him in the shower, but also admitted that it was wrong for
him to do that. Ray Gricar, the District Attorney at the time, closed the case
after he decided that Sandusky would not face any criminal charges (PennLive
Staff, 2012).

A couple years later in 2002, the Penn
State graduate assistant went into the locker room at the Lasch Football
Building and saw a young boy with Sandusky who was were both naked. He told his
father and Coach Joe Paterno of what he had seen. The next day Paterno called
the Penn State Athletic director, Tim Curley, and summarized the details of
what the graduate assistant had informed him of. A little bit later, Curley asked
the graduate assistant to come in for a meeting with Gary Schultz the Senior
Vice President for Finance and Business. The graduate assistant informed them
of the incident and they said they would look into it. Curley told the graduate
assistant that Sandusky’s locker room keys were taken away and that he reported
the incident to the Second Mile organization. The assistant was never
questioned by police or required to testify in court until years later in
December 2010 (PennLive Staff, 2012).

Sandusky spent time with Aaron and this
contact ended when he was a freshman at Clinton County High School. Aaron’s
mother filed a sexual assault report to the school which banned Sandusky from being
able to enter the premise. The matter was then reported to the authorities
because it is mandated by law. In 2009, the Pennsylvania attorney general began
the investigation when Aaron told authorities that Sandusky touched him
inappropriately over a period of four years. Sandusky retired in September 2010
from the Second Mile. The following year in November, he was arrested and
released on 100,000 dollar bail. He was arraigned for forty-eight criminal
counts (PennLive Staff, 2012).

III.             
Trial, Verdict, where the subject is now

The trial started on June 11, 2012 at
the county courthouse in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania. The prosecution team was led
by Joseph McGettigan the State Deputy Attorney General. Sandusky was led by
defense attorney Joseph Amendola. Eight witnesses testified in front of the
jury that Sandusky sexually abused them as children. The testimony of the assaults
on the two unknown victims was also heard by the jury. The eight males said
they met Sandusky through The Second Mile. These experiences occurred from the
1994 to 2009. The men had similar accounts of abuse which consisted of them
being in the football locker room showers or in Sandusky’s home. Jason talked
about the time he was a participant in The Second Mile and was sexually abused
which included unwanted oral and anal sex. The abuse began when he was thirteen
years old. These incidents occurred about three times a week for three years.
He continued to say that when he tried to distance himself, Sandusky offered
him a contract for money to be able to spend time with him (Patriot-News, 2012).

Sebastian (victim one) spoke on the
second day of trial and testified to more than twenty incidents of sexual
abuse. This included forced and unwanted oral sex performed by Sandusky from
2007-2008 while he was a part of The Second Mile program. The abuse began
around the age of 11 or 12. The jury heard from all eight of the men. On behalf
of the prosecution, Mike McQueary, the former graduate assistant football coach
for Penn state, testified that he not only heard “skin on skin” slapping sounds
but also saw Sandusky in the showers holding the young boy very close to him
(Patriot-News, 2012).

On the other hand, Sandusky’s defense
attorneys argued that the men accused him for a financial motive. The defense
team also stated how a few of the accusers changed their stories around and
some of them even continued to have a relationship with Sandusky even after the
abuse. For example, one of them introduced his girlfriend to Sandusky and
another went to a football game with him shortly before he was arrested. Dr.
Atkins, a psychiatrist, said that Sandusky has a personality disorder which caused
him to have “attention seeking behavior and exaggerated emotions” in comparison
to the grooming behavior that the prosecution claimed (Patriot-News, 2012).

On June 18, 2012 during a full day
recess from court the prosecution team contacted NBC to obtain a full unedited
script of the interview between Bob Costas and Sandusky. Sandusky made a
statement along the lines that he did not go out to try to satisfy his sexual
need from every young person he helped. According to legal analysts, this
statement could be used by the prosecutors to cross examine Sandusky if he chose
to take the stand (Patriot-News, 2012).

On June 21, 2012, Matt Sandusky, one of
Sandusky’s adopted sons, also claimed to be a victim of sexual abuse. He was
ready to testify in court but chose not to. Defense attorney Amendola stated
that Sandusky was going to testify in his own defense but then did not because prosecutors
would have called Matt Sandusky forward (Biography.com Editors,
2014).

On June 22, 2012 the jury reached a
verdict in which they found Sandusky guilty on 45 of the 48 counts charged
against him. The Judge revoked Sandusky’s bail at that time and ordered him to
be taken into custody. His attorneys filed a notice to appeal the conviction.
Sandusky faced a maximum sentence of 442 years in prison. He got sentenced at
the minimum 30 years and a maximum of 60 years. Due to his age, this was
ultimately a life sentence. Prosecutors asked for him to be declared a sexually
violent predator under Pennsylvania’s law similar to Megan’s Law. He would have
to report his address every three months and also attend counseling. This will
most likely not be necessary because he will end up dying in prison (PennLive
Staff, 2012). Sandusky was placed at State Correctional Institution-Greene
because he was considered vulnerable due to him committing these acts on
children and also because he is well known. He was moved to a medium-security facility
SCI-Somerset in Western Pennsylvania which houses about 2,400 inmates (Associated
Press, 2017).

IV.             
Why did the subject commit the crime

a.      Sociological Explanation

The sociological explanation behind
child sexual abuse includes but is not limited to: male socialization,
pornography, social tolerance of eroticizing children, unequal power
relationships between men and women, and the patriarchal privileges of men (South
Eastern CASA, 2017). The male socialization can cause males to have anxiety and
frustration over their sexuality. Sandusky’s parents are the sociological
factors that affected him. He was raised by both parents and grew up around the
Brownson House which had sports and recreational activities for kids. Sandusky
may have been abused as a boy by his father at the recreation center which may
explain Sandusky’s motives behind The Second Mile (Kiesling, 2013). As Sandusky
grew up his shyness as a teenager can be an explanation of the male
socialization. Sandusky committed these crimes while being married so this
exemplifies how he viewed there to be an unequal power between men and women.

b.      Psychologically

Sandusky committed serial child sexual
abuse and there is a psychological explanation as to why. The abuser must have
a motive to sexually abuse individuals. There are three underlying components
as to why one would sexually abuse children. Emotional congruence is when the
emotional needs are satisfied by having sexual contact with a child. Then there
is sexual arousal which is when the abuser receives sexual gratification from
the child. Lastly, there is blockage which is when the individual is unable to
receive alternate sources of sexual gratification or they do not fully satisfy
him/her (South Eastern CASA, 2017). Sandusky possessed these three components
because he built emotional relationships with the boys from his organization
and would constantly spend time with them. He would find the boys sexually
arousing which would make him feel good. Sandusky was married but he may not
have been satisfied with his marriage and sex life so he turned to the kids.
Psychological motivational factors include problems with emotional development,
need to feel power and control, reenactment of trauma during childhood,
inadequate social skills, and marital problems (Faupel, 2017). Sandusky may have
experienced some sort of trauma as a child along with having an issue with
emotional development so he relied on the kids for fulfillment. He also was
able to obtain control over the kids so this helped him feel powerful.

Then there are internal inhibitions
which the abuser has to overcome to commit the sexual abuse. If the abuser is
inhibited by taboos or societal norms then he/she will not sexually abuse
children. In relation to Sandusky, as a kid he stated that he created Jer’s law,
but this would not stop him from committing some acts. This shows how even
though he might have known the difference between right and wrong he still was
unable to overcome his internal inhibitions later on in life. These inhibitors
can include alcohol, psychosis, or impulse disorder (South Eastern CASA, 2017).
 Sandusky was not able to suppress his
impulses not only as a child but also as an adult, so this led him to sexually
abuse children. 

The abuser must then overcome external
obstacles and external inhibitions before sexually abusing. Inhibitors that may
restrain the abuser include family, societal sanctions, friends/peers, and the
amount of supervision the child receives. The more the opportunity and the less
supervision there is the easier it is for the abuser to move past these
external inhibitors (South Eastern CASA, 2017). In this case, Sandusky had
unlimited opportunities to take advantage of the kids. He would be unsupervised
while he would take the kids to games, camps, or even have sleepovers with
them. The kids would have absentee fathers with mothers who were highly trusting.
External inhibitors include an absent or ill mother, mother not close to
protective, opportunities to be alone with the child, lack of supervision, and
unusual sleeping or rooming conditions (Australian Institute of Family Studies,
2015).

Lastly, there is resistance which is
when the offender has to overcome the child possibly resisting the sexual
abuse. Abusers have a good sense of detecting which kids will be good victims
and who can be intimidated or manipulated to keep the abuse a secret.  Abusers can pick out vulnerable children and
they use the grooming process to take advantage of the child. The abuser can use
force causing the victim to react in several different ways (South Eastern
CASA, 2017).  Sandusky would slowly take
advantage of the kids by “appropriately” touching, to inappropriately touching
and then to committing violent forms of sexual abuse. Most of the youth had
emotional insecurities so he was able to use that against them. If the youth
did not want to engage in sexual acts he would use coercion. For example, one
of the victims mentioned how he was in the basement screaming telling Sandusky
to stop.

c.      Biological Explanation

The biological theories are concerned
with the role of androgens and androgen releasing hormones because this has a
relationship to the physical changes males undertake. During puberty,
testosterone levels significantly increase in the tests. Testosterone and sex
levels have a correlation. The testosterone is the main biological factor that
is in charge of normal or abnormal sexual behavior. Hormone levels are affected
by erotic stimulus (Terry & Tallon, 2014). According to Center for Sex
Offender Management, there are some individuals who may be predisposed toward
deviant sexual behaviors due to predetermined biological sexual appetites or
preferences (2017). Sandusky may have been predisposed to commit these sexually
deviant acts. When Sandusky was a teenager, his testosterone levels may have
contributed to his fondness of abnormal sexual behavior.

d.      Economical Explanation

Sandusky had a great amount to offer
because not only did he have a good income but he was also well known. The
Second Mile was an important “business hub” in the town and this organization
gathered substantial amounts of money. He had prestige due to him being an
assistant coach for Penn state and this allowed him to have special privileges.
Even after he retired he was able to have access to the locker rooms and other
facilities at Penn State. He had close relationships and connections with state
officials within the state attorney general’s office, the Department of Public
Welfare, and the Pennsylvania Department of State. He also had connections with
university officials, community, and business leaders. This helped him maintain
a wall of protection around him so his crimes were unable to be detected for a
long period of time (Kiesling, 2013). This ultimately allowed him to get way
with sexually abusing the children. The Second Mile helped conceal Sandusky’s
motives and acts.

V.               
Conclusion

Jerry Sandusky had a successful career
and was admired by many people in the community for reaching out and helping
at-risk youth. The victims of Sandusky claimed similar incidents of sexual
abuse which shows how he is a serial offender. There is not simply one
explanation as to why he committed these crimes. There is the sociological
explanation which pertains to the environment he was raised in and the social
norms that influenced him to abuse children. From the psychological standpoint,
Sandusky had motivation to commit the crime. He was unable to control his impulses
control and an abundance of opportunities to be alone with the boys. The
biological explanation shows how Sandusky has biological factors that caused
him to engage in these abnormal sexual acts. Economically, Sandusky earned a
high income from The Second Mile and had money to groom the children. Ironically,
as he was secretly abusing these children he was receiving money to help these
children in his organization. Due to him being a well-known man with wealth and
connections no one questioned him. This played a part in his ability to be a
serial violent sex offender because he did not think he would get caught.
Justice was served, and he is now paying time for the horrific acts he
committed.