Introduction: through the joint. In the latter cohort,

Introduction:

Anterior cruciate
ligaments (ACL) are one of the four main ligaments responsible for ensuring the
stability of the tibiofemoral joint. It is typically injured by active sport
players in a ‘non-contact deceleration or change of direction with a fixed foot
that produces a valgus twisting injury’. 
1 Younger active patients are the most common cohort affected
by this injury.  It is heavily linked to
sports like football and basketball and the mechanism usually depends on the
ligament strength being overcome by anterior tibial forces that can result in
quadriceps contraction and hyperextension. 1 Acutely, a ‘popping
sensation’, pain and rapid onsets (

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