Jurgen LangeggerMis. MooneyhanHistory of Rock and Roll11 December 2017 Final Project For this final project, I choose artists whose music I currently listen to or artists that I believed paved the way for the music today. From early blues and rock and roll to current hip hop and rap, all music seems to be able to be traced back to something else. A person’s choice of music is definitely a very personal thing. None of us listen to exactly the same genre or even the same songs in a specific genre. However, the funny thing is that most of us have heard our parents and grandparents play their favorite tunes and most of us can sing along to “the oldies.” In my family that definitely holds true. Here is a look at some of my favorites and some I just found strange.Muddy Waters was born McKinley Morganfield on April 4, 1915, in Mississippi. McKinley’s father was a blues guitar player. McKinley started playing the harmonica when he was only 5 and the guitar at 17. He taught himself to play by listening to recordings of Mississippi blues legends such as Charley Patton. It was with this guitar that he was able to develop the style that transformed the rustic blues of the Mississippi with the urban vibe of the big city. In 1943, he moved to Chicago and began playing in clubs. Soon, a record deal followed with hits like “I’m Your Hoochie Coochie Man” and “Rollin’ Stone.” He is best known for being the “father of modern Chicago blues.” Waters continued to record with rock musicians throughout the 1960s and ’70s, and won his first Grammy Award in 1971 for the album They Call me Muddy Waters. At the time of his death, he had won six Grammys. In 1987, Waters was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Five years later, the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences awarded the musician a Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award. Additionally, some of the most recognizable names in music have named Muddy Waters as their single-greatest influence, including Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page, Jeff Beck and Johnny Winter.Chuck Berry was one of the most influential rock ‘n’ roll performers in music history. Born on October 18, 1926, in St. Louis, Missouri, Chuck Berry had early exposure to music at school and church. As a teen, he was sent to prison for three years for armed robbery. In 1958, Berry released “Johnny B. Goode.” His first #1 hit in 1972 was “My Ding-a-Ling.” Another favorite of fans is the song “Maybellene.” With its unique blend of a rhythm and blues beat, country guitar licks and the flavor of Chicago blues and narrative storytelling, many music historians consider “Maybellene” the first true rock ‘n’ roll song. In 1985, he received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. A year later, in 1986, he became the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame first inductee. Perhaps the best measure of Berry’s influence is the extent to which other popular artists have copied his work. The Beach Boys, the Rolling Stones and the Beatles have all covered various Chuck Berry songs, and Berry’s influences. Chuck Berry is considered one of two men to have the most influence on music today. The other is Elvis Presley.James Brown was clearly influenced by classic blues, gospel, and African-American folk music. Brown knew he wanted to become an entertainer after watching performance footage of the popular jazz and R singer Louis Jordan. What Elvis Presley was to rock and roll, James Brown became to R. Like Presley, he is a three-figure hitmaker, with 114 total entries on Billboard’s R&B singles charts and 94 that made the Hot 100 singles chart. His dance moves were just a popular as his singing. James Brown is unquestionably one of the most influential musical pioneers of the last half-century. The “Godfather of Soul, the inventor of funk, the grandfather of hip-hop—Brown is cited as a major influence by artists ranging from Mick Jagger to Michael Jackson to Afrika Bambaataa to Jay-Z. Perfectly aware of his role in American cultural history, Brown wrote in his memoir, “Others may have followed in my wake, but I was the one who turned racist minstrelsy into black soul—and by doing so, became a cultural force.” And although he wrote widely and was widely written about, Brown always maintained that there was only one way to truly understand him: “As I always said, if people wanted to know who James Brown is, all they have to do is listen to my music.”Bob Dylan, whose real name is Robert Allen Zimmerman, was born in 1941. He was influenced by singers like Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Little Richard. Dylan began singing folk and country songs about political and social issues while in college in the 1960’s. In 1961, he signed his first recording contract with Columbia records. Dylan has received Grammy, Academy, and Globe nominations. In 1982, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 1989, he was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of fame. Gates of Eden was a song by Bob Dylan that was very popular. Over the years, Dylan’s music has inspired the likes of Jimmy Hendrix, Johnny Cash, and Neil Young just to name a few. Dylan has received Grammy, Academy, and Globe nominations. In 1982, he was inducted into the Songwriter Hall of Fame. In 1989, he was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of fame. When he was inducted in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, Bruce Springsteen spoke at the ceremony. Springsteen said “Bob freed the mind the way Elvis freed the body. … He invented a new way a pop singer could sound, broke through the limitations of what a recording artist could achieve, and changed the face of rock and roll forever.” In 2000, he recorded the single “Things Have Changed” for the soundtrack of the film Wonder Boys. Dylan won a Golden Globe and an Academy Award for Best Original Song. In 2012, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama. Nirvana changed the landscape of rock music over the course of only a few years. In 1985, guitarist/singer Kurt Cobain met bassist Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen, Washington, instantly bonding over their mutual love of the punk-metal band the Melvins. The Beatles had an impact on Nirvana. When Kurt lived with his aunt. She would have Beatle records lying around,then he would listen to them. Black Sabbath also influenced their hard edge. Kurt himself said “We sound like the Bay City Rollers after an assault by Black Sabbath.” In 1988, Nirvana landed a deal with Seattle label Sub Pop. A year later, the group released their first record, Bleach. Though it only sold about 35,000 copies, Bleach established Cobain’s penchant for angry, compelling songs about society’s outsiders. As the band entered the ’90s, Cobain’s songwriting would continue to blossom. Signing with DGC, Nirvana recorded their follow-up, an album called Nevermind. The album generated four singles and catapulted the band from the tiny Washington city to superstar status. Near the end of 1993, Nirvana filmed an installment of the popular Unplugged series on MTV which featured bands performing acoustic versions of their songs. Staying away from their best-known material, Cobain focused on album cuts and covers of tracks from his musical heroes, such as David Bowie and blues artist Leadbelly. On April 8, 1994, Cobain’s body was found in his home in Seattle. The cause of death was determined to be suicide from a shotgun blast to the head. It had not been Cobain’s first suicide attempt, but the news of his death nevertheless was a shock to his many fans. Though Nirvana disbanded shortly thereafter, their legacy remains. In 1973, Pink Floyd released “The Dark Side of the Moon.” Pink Floyd quickly went from a moderately successful acid-rock band to one of rock music’s biggest acts. The recording, in fact, remained on Billboard’s Top 200 album chart for 741 weeks, longer than any other album in history. By 1967, they had developed an unmistakably psychedelic sound, performing long, loud suite like compositions that touched on hard rock, blues, country, folk, and electronic music. Adding a slide-and-light show, one of the first in British rock, they became a sensation among London’s underground as a featured attraction at the UFO Club. Their breakthrough came in 1973 with “Dark Side”. “The Wall”, a brooding concept album about a troubled, isolated rock star named Pink, topped the U.S. chart for 15 weeks. “Another Brick in the Wall,” was banned by the BBC and in 1980 became the band’s only Number One American single. In the interim, Dark Side of the Moon had taken on yet new life, when certain Pink Floyd fans began playing the album while watching The Wizard of Oz and noting how the 1973 album seemed to provide an uncannily appropriate soundtrack to the 1939 film. The band itself denied that it had intended any sort of parallel between its music and the movie, but rumors persisted of an eerie connection between the two. Pink Floyd also entered the new millennium by releasing a live version, from 1980, of The Wall, in double-CD format, with a lavishly illustrated history. David Bowie is widely regarded as one of the most influential writers of popular music. Born David Jones, he changed his name to Bowie in the 1960s, to avoid confusion with the then well-known Davy Jones the lead singer of the Monkees. David Bowie struggled in the early years, but finally achieved his commercial breakthrough in 1969 with the song “Space Oddity,” which was released at the time of the moon landing. Bowie focused on albums built around a central character and concerned with futuristic themes of Armageddon, gender dysfunction/confusion, as well as more contemporary themes such as the destructiveness of success and fame. Bowie influenced the course of popular music several times and had an effect on several generations of musicians. His promotional videos in the 1970s and 80s are regarded as ground-breaking, and as a live concert act, he was regarded as the most theatrical of them all.The Bee Gees were literally a band of brothers. Three siblings who first learned to lip sync. Their first album ‘Bee Gees 1st’ was a success. Within just over a year, the Bee Gees had produced 24 number 1 hits in 15 different countries. Their fourth album ‘Horizontal’ was released in 1968 and became a huge hit spawning the international hit singles ‘Massachusetts’ and ‘World’. This was followed by ‘Idea’ later the same year, which included the single ‘I’ve Gotta Get A Message To You’. Briefly they went their separate ways, but reunited in 1971 to record ‘Two Years On’. While this was well received, they had a series of flops between 1972 and 1975. However, they stayed together as a band and did not split again. In 1975, the Bee Gees moved from a ballad band to an R influenced style and released ‘Main Course’. They then released ‘Jive Talkin’ which went to number 1. Their album ‘Children of the World’ went platinum, with three hit singles and, when touring the album, all proceeds went to children’s charities. The Bee Gees’ next project, recording the soundtrack to ‘Saturday Night Fever’ (1977), was another huge success and resulted in some of their best known songs, including ‘Stayin’ Alive’, ‘How Deep Is Your Love’ and ‘Night Fever’. The album was unsurprisingly another number 1, but it set a record of being so for 24 consecutive weeks. By the end of the decade, the Bee Gees had five albums which had all gone platinum. The Bee Gees continued to release well received singles and albums and, in 1997, received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the American Music Awards, a Legend Award at the World Music Awards and were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. And finally, DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince. I choose this one because I love all of the goofy lyrics. He’s the DJ, I’m the Rapper is no one’s idea of a groundbreaking music. It’s proudly, cheerfully, purposefully corny: The first song is a Nightmare on Elm Street parody featuring the line, “He’s burned up like a weenie/And his name is Fred.” This song racked up a lot of “firsts”: It was the first hip-hop double album and the first rap album to win a Grammy; in fact, it was the first year the Grammys even acknowledged rap.becoming the focus of the all-star tour, and soon the duo with the songs about Burger King and Freddy Krueger were going on after Public Enemy. He’s the DJ, I’m the Rapper would eventually go on to sell three million copies. In conclusion these artists have had their ups and downs. What they have the same is that are in a band that they can relate to one another. They just want to be unique about themselves and about the band just want to create memories, But i think that when my generation or before, that there will be no nor classic rock. I think that it will just be heavy metal and harder rock. There even might be no more great rock bands.