THE 207.2 million people in absolute numbers are




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Republic of Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia between Indian Ocean and
Pacific Ocean, it is the world’s largest Island Country with 17.508 islands. It
has approximately 265 Million population in the year of 2017. And it is 4th of
the biggest country in the World by population. As ethnically includes millions
of different ethnic groups and cultures, and diversity. We may list ethnical
groups as Javanese (%40,6), Sundanese (%15) and Madurese
(%3,3), Minangkabau (%2.7), Betawi (%2,4), Bugis (%2,4) Banten (%2), Banjar
(%1,7) and others. The most striking core of the distribution of the country is
very uneven.




2000 and 2017, Indonesia’s annual national population growth rate was 1.28
percent on average. This growth was highest in Papua % 5.43 and lowest in Central
Java % 0,36. Family planning in Indonesia is coordinated by the National Family
Planning Coordination Board (NFPCB), a government agency. According to
President Suharto, effective family planning was initiated in 1968 and his
succession continued to daylight. Total Population growth rate is % 0,87
estimated according to 2017.



An important strength of the demographic composition associated with the
Indonesian economy is that the country has a young population. This young
population implies a potentially large work force. Indonesia’s median age is
28.3 years of 2017 estimates. This shows that half of the population is over 28
years old and the other half is younger. According to the sex, women were
compared with middle age, female elderly 28.1 years and elderly male 29.1



In terms of religion, the majority of the Indonesian population is
Muslim. Approximately 87.2 percent of the total Indonesian population or 207.2
million people in absolute numbers are Muslims. However, Indonesia is not an Islamic
nation (only Islamic Shari’a law applies to Aceh’s special region at the north
end of Sumatra). But despite this being a secular democracy, the principles of
Islamic doctrine play an important role in Indonesian politics, economy and
society. There are Protestants 16.5 million (%6.9), Catholics 6.9 million
(%2.9) and Hindus 4 million (%1.7). Finally, there are Buddhist minorities as
well as people who practice Confucianism, a member of ethnic Chinese society.


Geographical Structure

located in Southern Asia between the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean in
Coordinates 5:00 S , 120: 00 E, Total Area 1.904.569 sq km as Land 1.811,569 sq
km and Water 93.000 sq km. Total land boundaries 2.958 km and border countries
are Malesia, Papua New Guinea and Timor Leste. Country has 54.716 km cost line,
and climate is tropical, hot and humid,


capital city Jakarta is dominated by volcanic islands as a result of
Indonesia’s general structure. There are about 150 volcanoes in the most
extinct state. The country is on the Ecuadorian line. These mountain ranges are
extinguished and many volcans still active are involved.


Natural Resources


is a country with abundant natural resources that the Netherlands does not want
to give up as a colony at all costs. Important Resources are petroleum, tin,
natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold and




has a presidential system based on the presidential system. Parliament, the
460-member National Assembly is remarkable. Until 1967, Achmed Soekarno governs
the country under his presidency and then becomes Soeharto president. The
country has been administratively divided into 21 regions.


Golkar party, which dominated the country for many years in the 1999 elections
and was in power by itself, reduced the vote rate from 74.51% to 22.46%. Later,
after the constitutional reforms between 1999 and 2002, the regime underwent
drastic changes. Among them, the president and vice-president, who will serve
no more than twice in five years, were directly elected by the public.
According to the Constitution, the Peoples’ Advisory Council, which is at the
highest level, was put down to the level of other institutions affiliated to
the Constitution and elected president.


the first time in 2004, he was elected by the president and his deputy and was
elected president of the Democratic Party’s Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2004
and 2009.

Widodo, Jakarta governor, who was represented by the Indonesian Democratic
Struggle Party and supported by parliamentary minorities on 20 October 2014,
was elected president with 53.15%. For this reason, the task of Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono, who had been relatively reluctant for 10 years, ended. However, the
parties supporting Widodo constituted only 40.88 percent of the vote in the
April 9, 2014 elections, held six months ago.




agriculture in the economy still has a strong weight. But since independence,
there has been significant progress in industry, commerce and trade, and these
progresses are continuing. Forest products are among the exporting countries.
The most grown agricultural product in the country is rice. And other
agriculture products we may list as Tea, spices, tobacco, corn, peanuts,
sugarcane, cassava, potatoes, coffee, soybeans are important products. In
forest products, it ranks second among the countries of the world.

production, which is 50 million tons per year. The development of petroleum
refineries increases the daily production of oil. After oil and natural gas
production, the country ranks third among the world states in the production of

refineries, iron and steel industry, lacquer, cement, paper, k?nin, fertilizer,
weaving factories are increasing day by day. Salt production is the state
monopoly and the level that meets the needs of the country. The harbors are
suitable for the development of ships of every tonnage, and despite the fact
that the shipyards are developing day by day, the shipyards are insufficient.


most common problem in the country is electricity shortage. However, important
work has been done in this area in recent years. Machinery, electronics, weaving
and chemical industry are in development stage.