The Keywords: Bipolar Disorder, Psychotherapy, Psychiatric Medication, The

    The Causes And Effect Of The Bipolar Disorder     And How They Impact The Human BodyAlex Hernandez, Cameron Bregman, Alek Francovich, Alan Pinedo, and Austin KivilahtiTokay High SchoolAbstractThis paper explores the status of the Bipolar Disorder and how this disorder impacts the human condition. Through the use of online research one is able to determine the very characteristics that are within the symptoms, causes, and impacts that this disorder has on the human body. Some of the most common symptoms for this disorder are episodes which contain mood swings ranging from depression to mania. These symptoms impact the social, physical, and emotional functioning of an individual and can have a significant effect on the overall quality of life. While this disorder with all of its symptoms cannot be totally cured they can be managed with a combination of psychotherapy and psychiatric medication.    Keywords: Bipolar Disorder, Psychotherapy, Psychiatric Medication, The Causes of the Bipolar Disorder and the Possible Effects that it has on the Populace of the WorldBipolar disorder which is also known as manic-depressive illness is a disorder of the brain. It has many effects and to this day we do not currently have a cure for it. There are multiple types of bipolar disorder which includes Bipolar Disorder I, Bipolar Disorder II, and Cyclothymic disorder.  It is a chronic disorder which  means that people who have it can suffer from bipolar disorder for a long period of time that can last from a few years to even ones whole life. Bipolar is a large issue in the world as well as in america. Over five million people are affected by bipolar disorder in america alone. With over 1.5 percent of the american population suffering from bipolar disorder nearly everyone knows someone who is affected. Their disorder however does not just affect them. Those who are close to them may be affected as well as it is hard to see a loved one in such a position.While it may be a serious problem faced around the world it is in fact very manageable. Once people are diagnosed if they follow the plan laid out for them by medical professionals, they can often live healthy and productive lives. Many people who suffer from the disorder are helped to cope with a combination of therapist and/or drugs that can help keep them in a positive mood and help counteract the effects of the disorder. However some of the methods to help ease the disorder may be considered controversial by some. While it is not very difficult to be diagnosed by a medical professional it may take a while and be difficult to self diagnose due to the variety of both causes and effects that may occur to one that has bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorder is a very serious disorder that if left untreated can lead to many serious problems. It has the ability to strain relationships, both professional and personal, it changes ones personality, and it can even lead to suicide or attempted suicide in some cases.Causes      According to Nordqvist (2017) the bipolar disorder has multiple factors that play into it. The main contributors to the Bipolar disorder come from heredity and DNA defects. Another cause is a biological one which is usually due to the inner mechanisms of the brain or because of environment which is followed by mental problems. Mayo Clinic (2017) say that certain events can also lead to it. Nordqvist (2017) stated that there is most likely more than one factor that causes the disorder and it is very unclear whether or these are the direct causes (National Institute of Mental Health NIMH, 2016). Hereditary and Genetic Causes           The NIMH (2016) instructs us that people who have any blood related family members with the disease are most likely to get it rather than those who don’t have such affiliations. It is not set in stone, it should be noted that most people who have family with the disorder don’t in fact actually inherit it (NIMH, 2016). Both Mayo Clinic (2017) and the NIMH (2016) have assured the public that it is most common with “first degree relatives” such as your siblings and/or parents. The NIMH (2016) has offered evidence that you are not guaranteed to get it even if a twin has it. Research depicts that genes cannot cause the Bipolar disorder alone, twins share the same genes yet one is not guaranteed to have it even if the other/others do.Biological and Mental Causes           The biological makeup of a person’s inner workings like the brain also leads to a possible diagnosis of Bipolar disorder (NIMH, 2016). The NIMH (2016) claim that people with differently constructed brains have been shown to have increases chances of having or contracting the disorder. Nordqvist (2017) sets out some biological issues that contribute to getting the disease An imbalance of neuron fibers sending signals to vital muscle and tissue cells via other neuron fibers can lead to increased mood swings. Hormonal imbalance which can have similar effects to that of a drug also does so. The inside of an individual is not the only cause of biological differences according to Nordqvist (2017), some environment influenced circumstances can also affect a person’s brain. Being mistreated vigorously and experiencing a life scarring event can leave one in shambles. Mayo Clinic (2017) explains that having a beloved or precious love can cause the disorder. If it wasn’t bad enough, drugs and alcohol also increase chances of getting. Drug taking and drinking are usually what follow the depression losing someone dear so they work hand in hand together.Symptoms                    Also known as “manic depression”, Bipolar disorder can either be easy to diagnose, or become rather difficult to pinpoint. People affected by this disorder can frequently experience cycles of heightened and depressed mood. When this pattern is followed, bipolar disorder is rather easy to diagnose. Yet when symptoms aren’t obvious, such as when depression overtakes other  symptoms, it becomes difficult  to diagnose this as anything other than “depression” (Joseph Goldberg, MD 2016).Mood        While depression is one of the leading symptoms of bipolar disorder, it can easily be mistaken as a symptom or a faulty diagnosis. According to Joseph Goldberg, “As many as 20% of people complaining of depression to their doctor actually have bipolar disorder”. People can also be incorrectly diagnosed by professionals, where over half of people with bipolar disorder have been seen by 3 or more professionals before being correctly diagnosed. Depression can also be tied in with symptoms such as anxiety, mood swings, anger, sadness, to a wide plethora of other moods. In short bipolar can makes a person’s mood become uncontrollable, constantly going back and forth between various moods. While these moods can be emotional, they can also become apathetic, ranging from hopelessness, loss of interest, loss of pleasure in activities, and a much wider range of further symptoms. Mood symptoms can last multiple days at a time all the way to months at a time, and can also be tied in with suicidal thoughts or actions. Bipolar disorder mainly affects mood in a wide variety of ways, and can simply be unable to control without proper medication.Side Symptoms         While mood swings are a main symptom of bipolar disorder, it comes packed with multiple more symptoms of which aren’t always associated with every case of bipolar disorder. Behavioral symptoms closely tie in with mood, they are associated with faulty judgement, irritability, rash decision making, inability to remain organized, aggressive behavior, higher sex drive, hyperactivity, inability to stay calm, and even self-harm. The cognitive symptoms include uncontrollable thoughts that aren’t truly believed, lack of the ability to focus, and narcissistic outlooks. Sleep is also affected heavily, including difficulty falling asleep or remaining tired for extended periods of time regardless of time slept. Weight is also affected, with excessive weight gain and weight loss.Faulty Diagnosis       As previously mentioned Bipolar Disorder is already difficult enough to track, let alone diagnose. With over 5 million Americans currently affected, the population also bears it’s “self diagnosed” population, which is difficult to get an exact estimate because people casually use the term bipolar to define themselves. Bipolar is constantly used to define an indecisive person, which is clearly not bipolar. Someone who is bipolar is not only indecisive, but their nervous to talk about it and angry for not being able to, while they juggle a million other emotions to which they can’t control. The term “bipolar” is too casually used and people have incorrectly diagnosed themselves with a disorder. On top of this, as previously mentioned, patients have gone up to 3 doctors until being properly diagnosed. This means that a multitude of doctors find difficulty in pinpointing the disorder. Bipolar Disorder is incredibly difficult to pinpoint and diagnose, but it’s easy to misinterpret the disorder as well and misrepresent something else as bipolar disorder.Conclusion and Future StudyAffecting over five million Americans, being bipolar is a common and serious problem often crippling relationships between families and friends. Although many of these issues have people believing this condition is apart of the very characteristic of their family member or friend, it is none of the such but rather a condition. There is no visible cure for bipolar nor is there any medications that are not controversial upon use. Bipolar, while it has the ability to strain daily life is manageable. Whether it is someone close or oneself, remember to take prescribed medicine which is designed to aid in reducing episodes. Just as well note how often the episodes occur so it doesn’t become a shock to others on the sensitive emotions aroused by having this condition. Personal account of being bipolar from other people may also help to not only live with or around the condition, but accept it for what it is and be given a new perspective on how other people dealt with it as well. Multiple victims to the bipolar disorder have reached a point in which not only makes living not just be a burden, but acquire a sense of peace that makes life worth living.ReferencesBipolar Disorder. (n.d.). January 24, 2018, Retrieved from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtmlNordqvist, C. (2017). What should you know about bipolar disorder. Medical News Today. Retrieved from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.sshtmlBipolar disorder. (February 15, 2017). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from  https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20355955Bipolar Disorder. (April, 2016). National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved fromhttps://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml          Warning Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved January 25, 2018, from           https://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-disorder-warning-signs