Wilhelm Richard Wagner, born May 22nd, 1813 was a German conductor and renowned composer whose music created a pivotal shift in the development of harmony and dramas in music.Wagner’s first symphony was performed in 1833 which was created in a span of six weeks that he gained inspiration from Beethoven’s seventh symphony(Wagner 229). In his early music career Wagner often worked as a conductor where it eventually took him to Riga, Russia, but later left two years due to creditors, however when he later returned to Germany after his The Flying Dutchman composition and was awarded the Red Eagle and given the title of Dresden Opera director, a revolutionary movement forced Wagner to leave due to his political voice and caused him to flee in 1848 to Zurich, Switzerland(Wagner 320). Wagner later returned to Germany in 1862 which he then helped the construction of an opera house he designed to his specifications. Wagner has a total of 13 completed operas that he is the most well known operas is his The Ring Cycle which was considered ahead of its time because it combined written words and visual opera performers. The Ring Cycle was a total of four opera pieces Das Rheingold, Die Walküre, Siegfried and Die Gotterdammerung which first took place at the Bayreuth Festival in 1876 and was highly successful and was a total of 18 hours in its entirety(Wagner 425). Wagner finished his final opera composition in 1882 which was called Parsifal and was also performed at Bayreuth Festival.Wagner died on February 13, 1883 in Venice, Italy of a heart attack while on vacation which he was then sent by train and his body was buried in Bayreuth, Germany. Wagner’s life matched his music because it was drama and even after death those who continued his legacy. Some of Wagner’s writings contained anti-semitism elements that brought controversy from opera lovers and in the 20th century, Adolf Hitler appreciated Wagner’s music and made his legacy that much more controversial.Ritt der Walküren (Ride of the Valkyries) is the second part of the four operas that create Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung). The Ride of the Valkyries is often heard as instrumental and is as short as five minutes and also being one of Wagner’s best known pieces. The theme was written July 23, 1851 however it was not finished until August of 1876. The piece was performed as an individual composition at the National Theatre Munich on June 26th, 1870. However Wagner would receive requests for separate performances, but Wagner considered it as “an utter discretion and forbade any such thing”(Wagner 1150). Ride of the Valkyries was still sold in Leipzig, Germany by Schott which Wagner later write complaint letters expressing his frustration towards it being released. After the complete Ring cycle was performed in Bayreuth, Germany, Wagner allowed separate performances and even conducted one of them in London on May 12, 1877 (Wagner 1150).Wagner’s Ride of the Valkyries is in both major and major and minor tonalities as it switches throughout the piece. The dynamics constantly get louder as the music continues and is always intense with the techniques being forte, crescendo and piano. Ride of the Valkyries is an opera piece that was created for a very large orchestra composed of several instruments including two flutes, piccolo, two oboes, English horn, three clarinets, bass clarinet, three bassoons, horns, three trumpets, three trombones, tuba, timpani, cymbals, snare, triangle, and strings to convey a story that is part of a very large opera performance that lasts almost 18 hours long. The piece is in a seven-part Rondo form since it goes A-B-A-C-A-D-A because the theme comes back after the episode finishes and goes back to the theme again, which it does three separate times and always comes back to its original theme(Donington 163). The timbre of the piece is sharp and booming and has a rapid trilling in the background that is done with many instruments families such as the strings, brass, and a few percussion instruments, however it varies since there are so many instruments(Treadwell 117). The beginning is of the warrior maidens on top of a mountain when the music starts fast with lots of fortissimo with an intense crescendo with violins as soon as the piece starts that sweep back and forth with cellos playing constantly with the violins.(Treadwell 139). The strings are busy throughout the music to emphasize the strong melody and the boldness that creates a sense of uneasiness. The Brass and the winds are used simultaneously with the strings to create the swooshing sound that can be heard quite distinctly but not silencing the violins. About 20 seconds into the piece the horns and trombones give a hero intro and throughout the music create the battle like scene with how powerful and forceful the brass sound. The texture of the composition is a majorly homophonic and uses a majority of the instruments in sections rather than just using individual instruments to use all the instruments to their fullest effect(Donington 165).